There is a world out there beyond your regular Flat White or occasional Capuccino.
From Antoccinos to Vienna coffee via Espressinos and Egg Coffee, some will be more common on the boards of coffee shops than others, but there is no reason why you can’t experiment at home.
But the different types of coffee don’t just involve how it is made and how much milk you put in. Even the bean roasting level, grind level and actual bean can have a huge impact on the end taste.
Just as with other fruit species, there are various types of coffee bean out there:
These account for over 60% of all the beans consumed around the world, so it is likely what you have in your morning cup. They are seen as the highest quality and are grown predominantly in Latin America.
They’re best used with slower methods such as pour-overs, and can often result in complex flavour profiles and aromas, making them popular with serious coffee drinkers. The taste can become diluted with the use of sugar or milk
This is a stronger, more bitter bean. It is actually the form mostly used in espressos and other coffees which need to be strong and dark. This is because they contain around twice the content of caffeine compared to an Arabica bean.
They work best in coffees famed for their strong tastes, but can also stand up better against things like milk, cream and sugar
The latter is actually a form of Liberica, but both have their own personalities.
They’re largely both woody, smoky and fruity with a full-body aroma. Liberica is hard to find as it originates from the Philippines and isn’t really exported, but Excelsa is easier to buy.
They are quite tart, and if you do see them, it will probably be because they have been added to coffee blends to add depth as opposed to being on their own
Now you have a basic grasp on the different beans, the next step is choosing what to actually drink.
Different brewing methods require different grind levels, which is another way in which you can alter the taste. Then, the actual drinks all require various milk amounts, which is the final way you are able to alter the end result.